Trypanosoma evansi pathogenicity strain in rats inoculated with parasite in fresh and cryopreserved blood

This study aimed to evaluate the Trypanosoma evansi strain pathogenicity (LPV-2005) in rats under passive immunity influence, of different concentrations and media preservation. Thirty six adult female Rattus norvergicus were separated in six equal groups. Groups A and B were inoculated with 10(5) T. evansi and groups C and D with 10(6) blood trypomastigotes per animal. Groups E and F were used as negative control in which the animals were inoculated with fresh and cryopreserved blood, without the parasite. Group A were composed of T. evansi infected born rats and cured females. Groups B, C and D were composed with animals never exposed to the LPV-2005 strain. All groups B and C animals received different doses of blood trypomastigotes kept in Wistar rats, while animals from group D were infected with cryopreserved blood kept in liquid nitrogen. The the strain pathogenicity was estimated by prepatency evaluation period, levels of parasitemia and animals longevity. Group D showed a longer prepatency period in comparison with other groups. The longevity of group D (27.8 days) was significantly different (P<0.05) from group C (4.8 days). Rats of the control group were euthanized 50 days postinfection. In conclusion, the tested inoculum-preservation methods and the infective dose of T. evansi influenced the pathogenicity of the LPV-2005 strain in rats. The presence of maternal antibodies did not prevent the infection and mortality of the rats by T. evansi.

Trypanosoma evansi; virulence; rodents

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