Carcass and meat characteristics of cull cows from different charolais x nellore genotypes, finished in feedlot

João Restle Fabiano Nunes Vaz Régis Augusto Carvalho Bernardes Leonir Luiz Pascoal Luiz Fernado Glasenapp de Menezes Paulo Santana Pacheco About the authors

The objective of this work was to study the carcass and meat characteristics of cull cows, of different Charolais (C) X Nellore (N) compositions, finished in feedlot. Twenty-five C, 3/4 C + 1/4 N, 1/2 C + 1/2 N cull cows, were used. The dressing percentage was higher for 3/4 C + 1/4 N (51.1%) and 1/2 C + 1/2 N (50.8%) cows than for C (49.0%) cows. Nevertheless, the cold carcass weight was higher for 3/4 C + 1/4 N (272kg) than the C (250kg) cows. Subcutaneous fat thickness was higher for 1/2 C + 1/2 N than for C and 3/4 C + 1/4 N cows, being 6.86, 4.86 and 4.92mm, respectively. The arm perimeter was higher for C (37.4cm) than 1/2 C + 1/2 N (35.3cm) cows. The 1/2 C + 1/2 N cows showed less muscle percentage than the other genotypes and less bone percentage than C cows, and higher fat percentage than 3/4 C + 1/4 N and C, being also superior in muscle + fat / bone ratio (6.52) than C (5.56).

dressing percentage; fat thickness; meat quality

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