Application of enological tannins in the development of Cabert Sauvignon and their effects on the sensory quality

Vitor Manfroi Gustavo Pires Costa Celito Crivellaro Guerra Mauro Celso Zanus Flavio Bello Fialho Cesar Valmor Rombaldi About the authors

The objective of this research was to study the effect of enological tannins in the sensory composition of the Cabernet Sauvignon wine. The study was conducted in Bento Gonçalves, RS, with Cabernet Sauvignon grapes, harvest 2004. This is a cultivar that stands out in importance in Brazil for the production of red wines. However, in some crops there are difficulties for a proper maturation, which hampers the development of wines with the sensory profile desired by consumers. Among the strategies to minimize this problem there is the management of vineyards, combined with technological adjustments in stages of winemaking. To this end, quebracho and nut tannins were used and applied in three doses (5.0g hl-1, 10.0g hl-1, 20.0g hl-1), with three times of application (maceration, drawing off and after malolactic fermentation). In the stabilized wines, there were sensory analysis, related to the attributes associated with olfactory and taste profiles, with analysis of 8 olfactory descriptors 8 and 9 descriptors taste, besides a general concept. Thus, it was found that the enological tannins enabled some differences, mainly in the volatile profile of wines, which showed an increase of quality when treated with the enological tannins. Similarly, there was superiority smell and taste in the wines that received treatment with tannins in the stage of maceration.

enology; sensory analysis; aroma; taste

Universidade Federal de Santa Maria Universidade Federal de Santa Maria, Centro de Ciências Rurais , 97105-900 Santa Maria RS Brazil , Tel.: +55 55 3220-8698 , Fax: +55 55 3220-8695 - Santa Maria - RS - Brazil