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Carcass characteristics from three swine stocks in different slaughters ages

Alessandra Fernandes Rosa Jacinta Diva Ferrugem Gomes Milena dos Reis Martelli Paulo José do Amaral Sobral César Gonçalves de Lima Julio César de Carvalho Balieiro About the authors

The aim of this research was to study the carcasses characteristics of swine sire lines from different slaughter weights. In this study were used 88 castrated piglets (castrated males and females) per sire line (AgroceresPic, Dalland and Seghers), with initial age of 74 days and live weight of 30kg. The experiment was divided in four phases (Growing I, Growing II, Finishing I and Finishing II). Sixty animals were slaughtered (10 by stock/sex) at the end of each experimental phase to determine the post mortem measurements: Carcass Weight (CW), Hot Carcass Yield (HCW), Loin Eye Muscle Area (LMA) and Back Fat Thickness (BT). This study was conducted using a completely randomized design, with treatments in complete factorial 4 x 3 x 2, being 4 slaughters ages (90, 119, 150 and 186 days), 3 sire lines (AgroceresPic, Dalland and Seghers) and 2 sexes (female and male castrated) with 10 repetitions by treatment. The PROC MIXED from the Software SAS was applied for statistical analysis. The mean values for Live Weight present difference (P<0.05) sire line and interaction between phase and stock. The mean values for the other studied variables presented significant differences and interaction between phase, sire line and gender, remarking that in general the major differences occurred after the phase Finishing I, where the females of AgroceresPic and Dalland tended to present better results (P<0.05) of HCW (80.4 and 80.7%, respectively) than the castrated males (78.8 and 78.7%, respectively) and the females Dalland were better than the castrated males (P<0.01) on LMA and BT values (45.7cm² and 11,4mm x 38.3cm² and 18.3mm). It can be concluded that the all sire lines studied presented interesting carcass characteristics for the actual market, and that the females can be used in programs aimed at animals with more slaughter weights.

pork; carcass yield; pork commercial lines; rib eye area; back fat thickness

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