Factors associated with low knowledge on HIV/AIDS among men who have sex with men in Brazil

Raquel Regina de Freitas Magalhães Gomes Maria das Graças Braga Ceccato Lígia Regina Franco Sansigolo Kerr Mark Drew Crosland Guimarães About the authors

This cross-sectional study analyzed social vulnerability, individual, and programmatic factors associated with low knowledge on HIV/AIDS among men who have sex with men (MSM). Respondent Driven Sampling (RDS) was used in 10 Brazilian cities. Knowledge scores on HIV/AIDS were estimated by Item Response Theory and categorized in three levels: high, medium, and low knowledge. Ordinal logistic regression was used for the analysis. Of the 3,746 MSM, 36.6%, 37.4%, and 26% showed high, medium, and low knowledge, respectively. The following were associated with low knowledge in the final model: schooling ≤ 8 years, non-white skin color, economic classes C and D-E, age < 25 years, having only one sex partner, and no previous HIV test. It is essential to improve knowledge on HIV/AIDS among young MSM with low socioeconomic status. Interventions focused on programmatic vulnerability factors can help reduce individual and social risk.

HIV; Risk Groups; Male Homosexuality; Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice; Health Vulnerability

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