Accessibility / Report Error

To be or not to be consilient: that is the question

Stephen J. Gould and Edward Wilson are emblematic authors of two opposed Darwinian trends. The first one defends the separation of the rough facts of nature, according to the theory of natural selection, and the issues of value and meaning proposed by religious and humanistic traditions. The second one proposes 'consilience', that is, the gradual extension of Darwinian paradigm to cope with such traditions. The present article first analyzes the need for models and narration patterns for human thinking and the possibility of science to provide them. Secondly, using Gould's positive skepticism, we have introduced the term 'consonance', a concept which has been used in research programs this author ignores, as a more historically and philosophically adequate term for the relations between Darwinian paradigm and religious tradition than 'consilience'.

consilience; non-overlapping magisteria; Darwinism; models and narration patterns

Casa de Oswaldo Cruz, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz Av. Brasil, 4365, 21040-900 , Tel: +55 (21) 3865-2208/2195/2196 - Rio de Janeiro - RJ - Brazil