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Couple Therapy and Conflict Resolution Strategies: A Systematic Review


The aim of this study was to conduct a systematic review of scientific articles about couple psychotherapy and conflict resolution strategies and to identify variables involved in the therapeutic process. Eight databases were consulted: Academic Search Complete, Cochrane Library, IBECS, Lilacs, Medline, PsycINFO, SciELO and Web of Science, from 2006 to 2015. We found 238 articles and, after an evaluation by three independent judges, 13 studies were included in this review. The behavioral and cognitive-behavioral approaches have excelled in relation to the systemic and to the psychodynamic ones. On one hand, there was consensus on the role of communication, empathy, forgiveness, mutual support and confidence for resolving marital conflicts. On the other hand, there is a lack of homogeneity and clarity in the use of the concepts and techniques. The literature review provided an international overview, consisting of consensual perspectives already established, inconsistencies that must be overcome and a lack of studies, especially in Brazil, culminating in a potential context of thematic research.

Marriage; Marital Conflict; Couple Therapy; Problem Solving

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