Seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii and Leishmania spp. in domestic donkeys from Portugal

Soroprevalência de Toxoplasma gondii e Leishmania spp. em jumentos domésticos de Portugal

Filipa Teixeira Rodrigues Catarina Pereira Jitender Prakash Dubey Miguel Nóvoa Miguel Quaresma Henk Schallig Luís Cardoso Ana Patrícia Lopes About the authors

Abstract

Toxoplasma gondii and Leishmania infantum are zoonotic protozoal parasites. Serum samples were obtained from 186 donkeys (Equus africanus asinus) from Portugal and assessed for antibodies to T. gondii by the modified agglutination test (MAT). For titration of antibodies to Leishmania spp. the direct agglutination test was used (DAT). Eleven donkeys were seropositive for T. gondii with titres of 20 (n = 7), 80 (n = 2), 640 (n = 1) and ≥ 2560 (n = 1). One donkey was seropositive for Leishmania spp. (titre of 800). Donkeys in Portugal are exposed to and can be infected with T. gondii and Leishmania spp.

Keywords:
Direct agglutination test; donkey; Leishmania infantum; modified agglutination test; Toxoplasma gondii; Portugal

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