First serological detection of Borrelia spp. in dogs in western Cuba

Primeira detecção sorológica de Borrelia spp. em cães na região oeste de Cuba

Matheus Dias Cordeiro Claudia Bezerra da Silva Maylin Gonzalez Navarrete Eugênio Roque Adivaldo Henrique da Fonseca About the authors

Abstract

This study aimed to verify the presence of IgG antibodies against Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato (s.l) in domestic dogs in western Cuba. Serum samples were analyzed by indirect enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), using crude antigens of a B. burgdorferi strain of North American origin. To verify the presence of Borrelia spp., deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) extracted from individual blood samples was analyzed by nested-PCR, with markers targeted for amplification of portions of the flagellin B gene (flaB) present in Borrelia spirochetes. Ticks were also collected through inspection of the animals. Sera from 93 of 176 (52.84%) dogs were reactive to the indirect ELISA. Geographic prevalence varied from 54.35% (25/46) in Boyeros, 44.44% (20/45) in Cotorro, 66.67% (22/33) in Habana del Este, and 50% (26/52) in San José de las Lajas. There was no statistical difference between these tested variables. No blood samples analyzed were positive for the Borrelia flaB gene.

Keywords:
Domestic dogs; borreliosis; diagnosis; Cuba

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