Crude protein requeriment to pacamã juveniles

Márcia Gomes de Souza Ana Gabriela Lins Seabra Lilian Carolina Rosa da Silva Lilian Dena dos Santos Rafael Ernesto Balen Fábio Meurer About the authors

Pacamã (Lophiosilurus alexandri) is a species of carnivorous fish, suitable for farming, but little studied. The aim of this study was to determinate crude protein (CP) requirement to pacamã, L. alexandri, in juvenile phase, an experiment was conducted during 45 days in a completely randomized design, with five treatments (36.2, 38.2, 42.0, 44.4, and 48.8% CP of diet) and four replications, where a hundred juvenile fishes (5.19 ± 0.01 g) were distributed in twenty 36 L aquaria. Each aquarium with five juveniles was considered an experimental unit. The parameters evaluated were final weight, percentage weight gain, specific growth rate, survival rate, hepatosomatic index, carcass yield with and without head, total length, head length, width, and height. By the regression analysis was verify a (P<0.01) linear decrease to performance parameters in function to ration protein growth, however to Tukey test the best (P<0.01) result was obtained with 36.2% of CP. There was no influence of treatments on the other evaluated parameters (p>0.05). Thus, it is recommended to use feed containing 36.2% of crude protein to pacamã (L. alexandri) juveniles.

carnivorous fish; fish nutrition; Lophiosilurus alexandri; native fish


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