Nursing appointment and cardiometabolic control of diabetics: a randomized clinical trial

La consulta de enfermería y el control cardiometabólico de diabéticos: ensayo clínico aleatorizado

Elen Ferraz Teston Guilherme Oliveira de Arruda Catarina Aparecida Sales Deise Serafim Sonia Silva Marcon About the authors

ABSTRACT

Objective:

to verify the effect of nursing appointment on cardiometabolic profile of people with Diabetes Mellitus type 2.

Method:

randomized controlled trial, developed with 134 individuals chosen for two groups: intervention and control. The intervention consisted of three nursing appointments alternated bimonthly, with two phone calls, over five months. The control group received usual care offered by the Health Unit. Data were collected through semi-structured interviews before and after the intervention, in addition to conducting laboratory tests.

Results:

after the intervention, a significant difference was shown in the amount of glycated hemoglobin (p = 0.006) and in the systolic blood pressure (p = 0.031), which were higher in the control group.

Conclusion:

besides being low-cost and easy to develop on the monitoring routine of people with diabetes, the intervention performed influenced positively the biochemical profile.

Descriptors:
Diabetes Mellitus; Nursing; Self-Care. Chronic Disease; Clinical Trial

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