Editorial activity as educationl activity: Gramsci's reflections on the "riviste tipo"

Our objective is to examine Gramsci's reflections on the "riviste tipo", focusing both on his editorial activity (according to a project and division of labor that were rationally planned) and his activity in cultural circles, disseminating views on the world and contributing to cultural organization. For Gramsci, activity around "riviste tipo" could serve as a parameter for educational work geared toward raising the cultural level of subaltern classes. In his understanding, formation of intellectual cadre was the role of the school. Yet, since the latter was still not available to the majority of the population, he proposed that these magazines could serve as a favorable means to initiate such action and thereby solve the problem of culture, even if the educational work of the magazine did not substitute the need for "direct" schooling. Just as the struggle against illiteracy is different from a school for the illiterate, these magazines in and of themselves would not be a solution for the problem of culture, but could be taken as a point of departure for the creation of a new civilization. Gramsci relates the editorial activity of these magazines to the organization of cultural work, in an attempt to guide the implementation of a homogeneous cultural center for the conquest of hegemony.

press; culture; editorial activity; education; hegemony; Gramsci; unified school

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