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(Updated: 2022/03/14)

About the journal


Basic Information


Archai: The Origins of Western Thought is published by Archai: The Origins of Western Thought UNESCO Chair, an interdisciplinary and inter-institutional research group which gathers researchers in philosophy, history, language, law, art, social sciences and archeology from all over the world. Archai aims to publish original articles, translations, reviews and notes on ancient thought and its legacy in modern and contemporary philosophy and culture. Archai has published article in Portuguese, Spanish, English, French, Catalan, Italian and German.

Archai has the goal of exploring a different outlook on the history and origins of western thought, a search of new interpretative paths which allow for an understanding of its origins as a process deeply rooted in ancient greco-roman culture, as opposed to the greater lectiones of rationalist philosophical historiography, which thinks of ancient philosophy as something apart, or contrary, to the complex and diverse realm of sophia and ancient culture in general.



Indexed sources


Archai is indexed by:

  • Web of Science (Clarivate)
  • Scopus (Elsevier)
  • SciELO
  • L’Année Philologique
  • Philosopher‘s Index
  • Phil Papers
  • European Reference Index for the Humanities and Social Sciences (ERIH Plus)
  • DOAJ
  • Phil Brasil
  • Latindex
  • Cengage Learning
  • Google Schoolar
  • BASE
  • Diadorim
  • PKP Index
  • Portal de Periódicos da CAPES


Intellectual Property


This Journal offers free access to its content, following the principle that providing free access to scientific knowledge contributes to greater world-wide democratization of the knowledge. Thus, no fee is to be applied either to readers or to authors.

Archai is under Creative Commons - International 4.0 Attribution.



Institutional Sponsors


Archai received support from Fundação de Apoio à Pesquisa do Distrito Federal (0193.001576/2017) and currently has the support of the Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico – CNPq (Chamada Nº 15/2021 - Programa Editorial).



Editorial Board



  • Gabriele Cornelli – Editor Responsable –
    Universidade de Brasília – Brasília – DF – Brasil
  •  Pilar Spangenberg – Editora Asociada –
    Universidad Nacional de Rosario y Universidad de Buenos Aires – Buenos Aires – Argentina
  •  Agatha Pitombo Bacelar – Editora Asociada –
    Universidade de Brasília – Brasília – DF – Brasil
  •  Beatriz de Paoli – Editora Asociada –
    Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro – Rio de Janeiro – RJ – Brasil
  •  Eduardo Wolf Pereira – Editor Associado –
    Universidade de Brasília – Brasília – DF – Brasil
  •  Henrique Modanez de Sant’Anna – Editor Asociado –
    Universidade de Brasília – Brasília – DF – Brasil
  •  Fernanda Freire – Editora Asistente –
    Westfälische Wilhelms-Universität -Münster – Deutschland
  •  Antonio Luis Costa Vargas – Editor Asistente –
    The Hebrew University of Jerusaiem – Jerusalem – Israel
  •  Silvio Marino – Editor Assistente –
    Universidade de Brasília – Brasília – DF – Brasil
  •  Celso de Oliveira Vieira – Editor Assistente para Reseñas –
    Ruhr-Universität Bochum (RUB) - Bochum – Deutschland
  •  Pedro Mauricio Garcia Dotto – Editor Asistente para Reseñas –
    The New School for Social Research – New York – United States of America


Editorial board

  • Anna Marmodoro –
    University of Oxford – Oxford – United Kingdom
  •  Barbara Sattler –
    University of Saint Andrews – Saint Andrews – United Kingdom
  •  Delfim Leão –
    Universidade de Coimbra – Coimbra – Portugal
  •  Dennys Garcia Xavier –
    Universidade Federal de Uberlândia – Uberlândia – MG – Brasil
  •  Donald Morrison –
    Rice University – Houston – TX – USA
  •  Francesc Casadesus –
    Universitat de les Illes Balears – Palma – España
  •  Francesco Fronterotta –
    Università La Sapienza di Roma – Roma – Italia
  •  Giovanni Casertano –
    Università degli Studi di Napoli, Federico II – Napoli – Italia
  •  Graciela Marcos de Pinotti –
    Universidad de Buenos Aires – Buenos Aires – Argentina
  •  Loraine de Fátima Oliveira –
    Universidade Federal de Pernambuco – Recife – PE – Brasil
  •  Marcelo Carvalho –
    Universidade Federal de São Paulo – São Paulo – SP – Brasil
  •  Maria Cecília Nogueira Coelho –
    Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais – Belo Horizonte – MG – Brasil
  •  Michael Erler –
    Universität Würzburg – Würzburg – Deutschland
  •  Miriam Campolina Diniz Peixoto –
    Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais – Belo Horizonte – MG – Brasil
  •  Oliver Renaut –
    Universitè Paris Ouest, Nanterre La Défense – Nanterre – France
  •  Phillip Horky –
    Durham University – Durham – United Kingdom
  •  Pia de Simone –
    Universität Trier -Trier - Germany / Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore - Milano – Italy
  •  Rodolfo Pais Nunes Lopes – Editor Adjunto –
    Universidade de Brasília – Brasília – DF – Brasil
  •  Renato Matoso –
    Pontifícia Universidade do Rio de Janeiro – Rio de Janeiro – RJ – Brasil
  •  Richard McKirahan –
    Pomona College – Los Angeles – CA – USA
  •  Sandra Rocha –
    Universidade de Brasília – Brasília – DF – Brasil


Scientific Committee

  • Adriano Aprigliano –
    Universidade de São Paulo – São Paulo – SP – Brasil
  •  Aldo Dinucci –
    Universidade Federal de Sergipe – Aracajú – SE – Brasil
  •  Ália Rosa Rodrigues –
    Universidade de Coimbra – Coimbra – Portugal
  •  Anastácio Borges –
    Universidade Federal de Pernambuco – Recife – PE – Brasil
  •  André Leonardo Chevitarese –
    Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro – Rio de Janeiro – RJ – Brasil
  •  Anna Motta –
    Freie Universität Berlin – Berlin – Deutschland
  •  Beatriz de Paoli –
    Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro - Rio de Janeiro - RJ – Brasil
  •  Breno Battistin Sebastiani –
    Universidade de São Paulo – São Paulo – SP – Brasil
  •  Cinzia Arruzza –
    New School for Social Research – New York - United States of America
  •  Dennys Garcia Xavier –
    Universidade Federal de Uberlândia – Uberlândia – MG – Brasil
  •  Edrisi Fernandes –
    Universidade de Brasília – Brasília – DF – Brasil
  •  Fernando Muniz –
    Universidade Federal Fluminense – Niterói – RJ – Brasil
  •  Fernando de Barros Rey Puente –
    Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais – Belo Horizonte – MG – Brasil
  •  Fernando Santoro –
    Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro – Rio de Janeiro – RJ – Brasil
  •  Francisco Lisi –
    Universidad Carlos III de Madrid – Madrid – España
  •  Franco Ferrari –
    Università degli Studi di Salerno – Salerno – Italia
  •  Franco Trabattoni –
    Università degli Studi di Milano – Milano – Italia
  •  Henrique Cairus –
    Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro – Rio de Janeiro – RJ – Brasil
  •  José Gabriel Trindade Santos –
    Universidade Federal do Ceará – Fortaleza – CE – Brasil
  •  Katia Pozzer –
    Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul – Porto Alegre – RS – Brasil
  •  Livio Rossetti –
    Università degli Studi di Perugia – Perugia – Italia
  •  Luca Pitteloud –
    Universidade Federal do ABC – São Bernardo do Campo – SP – Brasil
  •  Luc Brisson –
    CNRS – Paris – France
  •  Marcelo Boeri –
    Universidad Alberto Hurtado – Santiago – Chile
  •  Marco Zingano –
    Universidade de São Paulo – São Paulo – SP – Brasil
  •  Marcus Mota –
    Universidade de Brasília – Brasília – DF – Brasil
  •  Maria Aparecida Montenegro –
    Universidade Federal do Ceará – Fortaleza – CE – Brasil
  •  Marina Cavicchioli –
    Universidade Federal da Bahia – Salvador – BA– Brasil
  •  Markus Figueira –
    Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte – Natal – RN – Brasil
  •  Noburu Notomi –
    Keio University – Tokio – Japan
  •  Pedro Paulo Funari –
    Universidade de Campinas – Campinas – SP – Brasil
  •  Rodrigo Brito –
    Universidade Federal de Sergipe – Aracaju – SE – Brasil
  •  Silvia Fazzo –
    Università degli Studi del Piemonte Orientale – Vercelli – Italia
  •  Thomas Robinson –
    University of Toronto – Toronto – Canada


Editorial Production

  • Proofing
    Gustavo Laet Gomes e André da Paz
  • Editing
    Gustavo Laet Gomes
  • Design
    Gustavo Laet Gomes


Instructions to authors


Submission preparation checklist


As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  • The contribution is original and is neither under evaluation nor has been published elsewhere.
  • The submission file is in Microsoft Word (doc/docx) or RTF format.
  • The submission file do not contain any mention to the author, including its metadata (use the Inspect Document command in Microsoft Word and execute all the given recommendations).

1. Submission

1.1. We recommend that articles be kept under 50,000 characters including spaces and that reviews have around 15,000 characters. Articles must include a 100-250 word abstract in two different languages: the main language (i.e. the language in which the article is written), and in English, as well as a list of up to five keywords, also in the main language and in English. The same applies to the title, which shall be the first element of the article, in the main language, followed by its version in English. Please note that for articles in English there is no need to provide abstract and keywords in other languages.

1.2. Contributions must be submitted online, through the journal’s website. We recommend using the template file that can be downloaded from the following address:

1.3. The submitted file shall not have any reference to the name of the author nor any other information that could identify the author.

1.4. Reviewed books should have been published up to three years before the submission date.

1.5. When images or diagrams are used, a copy of each one of the images shall be uploaded as a supplement during the submission process. The journal accepts images or diagrams in .jpg or .png formats, with a maximum resolution of 300 dpi. Images shall be followed by a label in the text body, as well as their sources with de applicable credits.

1.6. If the submission has four or more authors, the contribution of each one must be indicated in a footnote at the end of the manuscript.

1.7. The editorial standards (item 2 onwards) apply to approved texts only. Submitted manuscripts shall not be evaluated regarding their adherence to them during review phase.

2. Editorial Standards

2.1. The template file provides the style formats and other journal standards. We ask the contributor to avoid changing fonts, sizes, margins nor any other formats, except when using words in bold and italic in the text body.

2.2. The template supports 3 levels in its structure of topics. The introduction of new levels is not recommended.

2.3. The template font is Unicode, and, therefore, compatible with several characters sets from non-Latin languages, including polyphonic Greek and Hebrew. We ask the contributor not to change the template font.

2.4. Transliterations of Greek words shall be done according to the Novas Normas de Transliteração (New Norms of Transliteration) published in Archai 12, p. 193-194 and available at

2.5. A space should be added after the punctuation dot after abbreviations. Example:

  • R. R. Tolkien.

2.6. Footnotes

2.6.1. Footnotes shall be used only in the text body, not in titles, or in the author identification, or in abstracts.

2.6.2. Footnotes shall be used only with explanatory purposes, reduced to a minimum, and never for citation of sources.

2.6.3. Footnotes’ superscript numbers shall be added after all punctuation signs adjacent to the word to which they apply. Example:

  • ([…] anywhere else in the world);12
  • […] como em Diógenes de Apolônia.7

2.6.4. When mentioning acknowledgements and/or funding information, please include a footnote after the first word in the text body or in the end of the text.

3. Citations

3.1. Citations follow the author-date system, always in the text body (never in footnotes), according to the following examples. (These citation rules are based on ABNT’s NBR 10520 norm, with adaptations. For classical works, please refer to the special rules in 3.3.)

3.2. References and citations

3.2.1. Include the Author name, the Year of publication, and the Pages (and notes, if applied), separated by commas (and with a space after ‘p.’ and ‘n.’). Examples:

  • (Cardoso, 1994, p. 12)
  • Chantraîne, 1999, p. 942.

3.2.2. Separate different bibliographic references in sequence by a semicolon when the word changes. For pages within the same word, a simple comma is enough.

  • (Santos, 2017b, p. 1-3, 9, n. 42; 2013a, p. 131-144; 2009; Poulsen, 1982)

3.2.3. In indirect quotes, the author name can appear outside the parenthesis, if necessary.

  • A ironia seria assim uma forma implícita de heterogeneidade mostrada, conforme a classificação proposta por Authier-Reiriz (1982).
  • Grant (1885, p. 48, n. 4-5) aponta para uma suposta imaturidade da psicologia aristotélica devido às afirmações de que os prazeres da visão, da audição e do olfato seriam do corpo.

3.2.4. In direct quotes, the complete citation – that is, with Author, Year and Pages – shall be included in parenthesis. Example:

  • “Democracy depends on citizens’ availing themselves of the freedom to participate in rule (…).” (Schofield, 2006, p. 111).

3.2.5. Direct quotes with 3 or more lines shall be indented using the Citação style in the template file (4 cm indentation from the left margin and font 2 pt smaller than the text body), without quotation marks. Example:

  • Em De Partibus Animalium IV.II 690b19-691a9 Aristóteles compara dois animais, o crocodilo e a cobra, com respeito a seus órgãos dos sentidos do paladar e sua habilidade de provar. Primeiro, há o crocodilo que não tem língua, apesar de ter o espaço para a língua. Isso é excepcional entre os animais sanguíneos, que, de outro modo, têm língua. A exceção pode ser explicada pelo fato do crocodilo viver na água. Na medida em que é um animal aquático, ele não tem língua. (Johansen, 1997, p. 220)

3.2.6. Direct quotations with less than 3 lines should include double quotation marks in the text body. Single quotation marks shall be used only for quotations inside other quotations and to refer to words and expressions. Examples:

  • “To what he answered, ‘I do not know.’”
  • The ‘is’ in Parmenides can be understood as…

3.2.7. Please, do not use abbreviations in Latin such as id., ibid., op. cit., etc. to indicate the repetition of citation data.

3.2.8. Avoid as much as possible the use of quotation of quotation. When inevitable, use the term apud – quoted by, according to. Example:

  • According to Vatter (2001 apud Pérez Jiménez, 2011, p. 23), the concept of history […]

3.3. Citation of classical works

3.3.1. For Greek authors, follow the Greek-English Lexicon (LSJ) abbreviations available at:

3.3.2. For Latin authors, use the Oxford Latin Dictionary abbreviations available at:

3.3.3. Abbreviations of work names come in italics. Those of author names do not. Example:

  • Od. 1.111-125.

3.3.4. Works by Plato are quoted using the abbreviations of item 3.3.1 and the Stephanus numbering, with lowercase letters, without spaces between letters and numbers. Example:

  • Phd. 115c1-3.

3.3.5. Works by Aristotle are quoted using the abbreviations of item 3.3.1 and the Bekker numbering, with lowercase letters, without spaces between letters and numbers. Example:

  • Metaph. 1.3 983b21-23.

3.3.6. For Pre-Socratic authors, the reference in the Diels-Kranz catalog shall be provided, even when other collections are in use. The indication of the source work is also is recommended, even though not mandatory. Examples:

  • DK 68 A25
  • de An. 1.2 404a16-20 (DK 58 B40)
  • (VP 104 [DK 67 A5]; transl. LM 27 P5)

4. Bibliographic references

4.1. The section where the bibliographic references are listed shall always be named Bibliography or its equivalent in the main language of the article. (The following rules are base in NBR 6023, with adaptations. For not mentioned cases, please refer to the norm and/or to the journal’s editorial staff.)

4.2. Book

4.2.1. The essential elements are: Author(s) (separated by semicolon, with the last name(s) in uppercase and the first names abbreviated with a single letter), Year of publication, Title (in italics), Edition, City(ies), and Publisher. Examples:

  • PELLING, C. B. R. (2011). Plutarch and History: eighteen studies. Swansea, Classical Press of Wales.
  • BRANCACCI, A.; MOREL, P.-M. (eds.) (2006). Democritus: Science, the Arts, and the Care of the Soul. Proceedings of the International Colloquium on Democritus (Paris, 18-20 September 2003). Leiden/Boston, Brill.

4.2.2. Works of ancient authors – editions and translations – shall include as author the editor or translator. The ancient author is indicated before the title. Examples:

  • TRABATTONI, F. (ed.) (2011). Platone. Fedone. Milano, Einaudi.
  • DIXSAUT, M. (1991). Platon. Phédon (traduction, introduction et notes). Paris, GF-Flammarion.

4.2.3. Each bibliographic entry must include only one Year (never 1989-1991 or 2007-10, for instance). If the author wants to refer to a volume set, in which volumes were published in different dates, (s)he shall provide one entry per volume with its respective date.

4.2.4. The bibliographic entry shall always correspond to the version being quoted in the text body. If it is a reprint, the author may refer to the original print in parenthesis after the edition he is actually employing. Example:

  • SELTMAN, C. (1955). Greek Coins. A History of Metallic Currency and Coinage down to the Fall of the Hellenistic Kingdoms. Methuen, London. (1ed. 1933)

4.2.5. Book chapters shall be followed by the complete bibliographic reference, including pages, even if the book is already included in the bibliography. Example:

  • JIMÉNEZ SAN CRISTÓBAL, A. I. (2009). The Meaning of βάκχος y βακχεύειν in Orphism. In: Johnston, P. A.; CASADIO, G. (eds.). Mystic Cults in Magna Graecia. Austin, University of Texas Press, p. 46-60.

4.3. Article

4.3.1. The essential elements are: Author(s), Year, Article Title, Publication name (in italics; please, do not use abbreviations), Volume (not preceded by comma), Issue number (if applied), and Pages. Example:

  • Pakaluk, (2003). Degrees of Separation in the Phaedo. Phronesis 48, n. 2, p. 89-115.

4.3.2. If the article has been reprinted, the author shall indicate the version he is quoting in the text body. The author may inform, if he wills, the complete original reference in parenthesis at the end of the entry. Example:

  • ROBERTS, J. (1987). Plato on the causes of wrongdoing in the Laws. Ancient Philosophy 7, p. 23-37. (Also In: IRWIN, T. (ed) (1995). Classical Philosophy: collected papers. Vol. 3. Plato’s Ethics. New York, London, Garland Publishing Inc., p. 397-411.)

4.4. Online Article

4.4.1. References to short duration internet material should be avoided.

4.4.2. For online works, the essential elements are: Author(s), Year, Article Title, Website name (in italics), Web Address, and Access Date. Example:

4.5. Theses, dissertations, and other academic works

4.5.1. The essential elements are: Author, Year, Title (in italics), Degree and Document Type, as well as the academic affiliation. Example:

  • SMITH, U. A. M. (1986). The Metaphysics of Plato and Aristotle: An analysis. A. Dissertation. McGill University, Montreal.

5. Peer review

5.1. A revisão e a aprovação das contribuições serão realizadas por pares. O processo de avaliação do artigo será documentado nos arquivos da revista Archai. Os textos submetidos serão encaminhados pelo Conselho Editorial para a Comissão Científica ou para avaliadores ad hoc. Os textos serão avaliados pela adequação à linha editorial da revista e às normas editoriais, qualidade da redação, tanto em relação à originalidade e à relevância dos temas propostos quanto em relação ao impacto crítico e/ou informativo que poderão vir a ter para o avanço dos estudos sobre as origens do pensamento ocidental.

6. Rights

6.1. The publication of the article implies that the authors grant the journal the right of first publication.


Translations of ancient texts only.

Make a new submission to the Translation section.

Copyright Notice

Given the public access policy of the journal, the use of the published texts is free, with the obligation of recognizing the original authorship and the first publication in this journal. The authors of the published contributions are entirely and exclusively responsible for their contents.

1. The authors authorize the publication of the article in this journal. 2. The authors guarantee that the contribution is original, and take full responsibility for its content in case of impugnation by third parties. 3. The authors guarantee that the contribution is not under evaluation in another journal.

4. The authors keep the copyright and convey to the journal the right of first publication, the work being licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License-BY.

5. The authors are allowed and stimulated to publicize and distribute their work on-line after the publication in the journal.

6. The authors of the approved works authorize the journal to distribute their content, after publication, for reproduction in content indexes, virtual libraries and similars.

7. The editors reserve the right to make adjustments to the text and to adequate the article to the editorial rules of the journal.

Privacy Statement

The names and email addresses entered in this journal site will be used exclusively for the stated purposes of this journal and will not be made available for any other purpose or to any other party.




Universidade de Brasília / Imprensa da Universidade de Coimbra Universidade de Brasília / Imprensa da Universidade de Coimbra, Campus Darcy Ribeiro, Cátedra UNESCO Archai, CEP: 70910-900, Brasília, DF - Brasil, Tel.: 55-61-3107-7040 - Brasília - DF - Brazil