Histopathological changes in the mammary gland and milk quality of goats naturally infected with CAEV

R.Q. Bezerra Júnior M.F.S. Teixeira G.R. Martins M.R. Abrantes R.P. Dias T.D.F. Aguiar L.A.O. Alves C.A.F. Lopes Júnior J.B.A. Silva J.S.A.M. Evangelista M.G.F. Salles About the authors

Aiming to evaluate the influence of CAE viruses in the chemical and physical characteristics of milk, the samples were collected from 54 goats, without racial predilection, these were divided into two groups: goats positive and negative according results of test Agarose Gel Immunodiffusion. Milk samples were ultrasonic analyzed to obtain physicochemical parameters (fat, solids, protein, lactose and density); performance microbiology (mesophilic bacteria - CFU/mL) and mammary gland samples were collected for evaluation histopathology and immunohistochemistry. The results of physical-chemical analysis showed no significant difference between the milk samples of two groups. In the microbiological analysis showed the presence of aerobic mesophilic bacteria, but this change is not associated with the presence of CAEV infection. On histopathology, there were areas with infiltration of mononuclear-leukocyte and polymorph nuclear, plasma cells, fibrosis and absence of normal morphology of the mammary tissue, indicating a chronic inflammatory process; and confirmed the presence of virus, in the gland, by immunohistochemistry. The results showed no direct relationship between incidence of CAE in the herd as a negative factor for its development, however it is known that the disease in its chronic nature, causes reduction in the productivity of the herd.

CAE; lentiviruses; physical-chemical analysis; milk

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