Activity of plant extracts on the carpogenic germination and mycelial growth of Sclerotinia sclerotiorum

Cláudia de Souza Zanella Walber Luiz Gavassoni Lilian Maria Arruda Bacchi Anelise Samara Nazari Formagio About the authors

Te efect of methanolic extracts of Annona cacans, A. coriacea, A. crassiflora, A. dioica, A. sylvatica, Geophila repens, Guettarda viburnoides, Palicourea crocea, Schinus terebinthifolius e Trichilia silvatica, and A. cacans hexane, ethyl etila, aqueous and chloroform fractions and the essential oil of S. terebinthifolius on mycelial growth and carpogenic germination of Sclerotinia sclerotiorum was evaluated. Te concentrations are 1,000 ppm for the extracts and 100 ppm for the fractions. To evaluate the germination, carpogenic, extracts and fractions were incorporated in agar-water that was poured into gerboxes where 20 sclerotia were distributed. To evaluate the mycelial growth, essential oil of S. terebinthifolius in concentrations of 0, 100 and 1,000 ppm was incorporated into the PDA and then poured into Petri dishes, to where pathogen mycelial discs were transferred. Extracts of G. repens, P. crocea and S. terebinthifolius and fractions ethyl acetate and chloroform of Annona cacans reduced the carpogenic germination of sclerotia of S. sclerotiorum and the extract of A. cacans reduced the number of apothecia formed. Mycelial growth showed 10% inhibition at the highest concentration of essential oil of S. terebinthifolius.

sclerotia; apothecium; white mold

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