Morphologic alterations and biomass allocation in young plants of forestry species under different conditions of shading

The selection of native and/or exotic species for recovery of degraded or perturbed environment can be associated with the acclimatation potential of species in different conditions of shading. In this context, the objective of this research was to evaluate the effect of shading (0%, 30% and 50% of interception of the incident solar radiation) on growth, biomass allocation and chlorophyll levels in young plants of forestry species from different ecological groups: Maclura tinctoria (L.) D. Don ex Steud. (moreira), Senna macranthera (Collad.) Irwin et Barn. (fedegoso), Hymenaea courbaril L. var. stilbocarpa (Hayne) Lee et Lang. (jatobá) e Acacia mangium Willd. (acácia). The results obtained showed that the higher chlorophyll levels were observed in shaded conditions for all species. The climax lighting demanding specie (moreira) showed the highest growth. In sunny conditions, the pioneer species (acacia) produced more leaves while the climax light demanding species (moreira) produced more roots. These observations indicated that these species are capable of acclimation to different conditions of radiation availability, a result that should be considered in regeneration programs of degraded environment and management of natural areas.

revegetation; growth; shading; biomass alocation

Universidade Federal de Santa Maria Universidade Federal de Santa Maria, Centro de Ciências Rurais , 97105-900 Santa Maria RS Brazil , Tel.: +55 55 3220-8698 , Fax: +55 55 3220-8695 - Santa Maria - RS - Brazil