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The ultrasound on meat tenderization

Ultrasound is one of the new clean technologies applied to food. In science and technology of meat, is mainly studied for its ability to improve meat tenderness by cavitation mechanisms. Some acoustic parameters such as frequency, intensity and exposure time influence the treatment of meat tenderization. Initial studies determined that the use of high frequencies did not show effects on the texture, due to not cause cavitation. The intensity in which the ultrasound reaches the meat matrix is also important, and when applied below 10W cm-2 or much above this value does not realize the effect. The exposure time is dependent on the frequency and the used intensity directly influences the softness. Meat quality characteristics, such as weight loss after cooking, drop in pH, color and microbiology were also analyzed by several authors, with conflicting data on the effect of ultrasound on these parameters. The particularities of each muscle hinder comparisons of results, stimulating new researches. The use of ultrasound technology to improve meat tenderness shows itself as a promising technology with the potential to be exploited.

cavitation; clean technologies; meat; tenderness

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