Prevalence of tooth loss and associated factors in institutionalized adolescents: a cross-sectional study

Prevalência de perda dentária e fatores associados em adolescentes institucionalizados: um estudo transversal

Maísa Casarin Wagner da Silva Nolasco Paulo Roberto Grafitti Colussi Carla Cioato Piardi Patricia Weidlich Cassiano Kuchenbecker Rösing Francisco Wilker Mustafa Gomez Muniz About the authors

Abstract

This study aimed to assess the prevalence of tooth loss and associated factors in institutionalized adolescents. This cross-sectional study included 68 male adolescents incarcerated from Socio-Educational Assistance Center (CASE) aged between 15 and 19 years. Questionnaires were applied individually to assess sociodemographical, economical, medical, behavioral and oral health self-perception variables. All present teeth were evaluated by Decay, Missing, Filling (DMF) Index. The prevalence of tooth loss was analyzed in individuals with ≥1 tooth loss. Associations between tooth loss and exposure variables studied were analyzed by Poisson Regression with robust variance estimation. The prevalence of tooth loss was 47.06%. First molars in the mandible and maxilla and central incisor in the maxilla were the most absent teeth. In the multivariate model, number of decayed teeth, and those that reported daily use of medication were associated with higher tooth loss. Besides, tooth loss was associated with decayed tooth and daily use of medication. Oral health promotion and treatment should be implemented in these institutions to reduce the prevalence of dental loss in these adolescents.

Key words:
Tooth loss; Dental Caries; Teenagers; Oral Health

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