Main international academic rankings: the case of Chile

Francisco Ganga-Contreras Walter Sáez Adolfo-Ignacio Calderón Ángel Calderón Emilio Rodríguez-Ponce About the authors

Abstract

Academic rankings (ARs), despite receiving many questionings, have been highlighted as an external evaluation tool to support decision-making by universities and different interest groups. This article aims to analyze and map – in terms of methodologies adopted, forms of university selection and sources of information – the Chilean ARs, in a comparative perspective with the most outstanding international rankings. An exploratory, analytical-descriptive and comparative research is carried out. To do so, secondary sources of information are used, through the revision of databases, web pages and scientific articles (bibliographic and documentary research), classifying the ARs studied from the specificities of the data used by them. It can be concluded that the main differences between the international and Chilean rankings do not go through the criteria to be evaluated, but rather due to the specificity of the weights given to the indicators adopted. Each ranking has its own concept of quality, and there is no consensus among them.

Higher education; University governance; Academic rankings; University rankings

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