Utopian dimension in the representations on history teaching: memories of teachers

This paper explores the representations of History teachers on the utopian dimension in their discipline, that is, how they represent a certain prospective conception when teaching a school discipline dealing with the past. We consider that education has assumed a projective vision, since it supposes the perspective of man, society and world in the educative act. This is even more the case with History teaching, since it is one of the disciplines that eminently deals with the secular transformations and social and political subjects, inserting man in this process. We locate the current discussion on the subject in History teaching, inserted in the debate of the crisis of modernity and post-modern postulates, oscillating between the stance of thinking this discipline as an inexorable instrument of social political transformation or a vain prospective illusion. To better understand the proposed issue, we analyze verbal stories from interviews with professors of this discipline who have taught in the 60s-70s and in the 80s-90s, under the perspective of Henri Lefebvre's critical theory of representations and the debate on memory and oral history.

History teaching; Utopia; Representation; Memory; Oral history

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