The loss of official status of teaching in Brazil: the Rivadávia Reform

The Rivadávia Reform was declared in 1911 by the Ministry of Justice Rivadávia Corrêa and former president Hermes da Fonseca, both of then Positivism followers. Between 1911 and 1915, the reform aimed the end of the education official status. Following a possible interpretation of 1891 Constitution text, the government settles down that secondary and superior institutions would loose their official standing and would become independent autonomic entities, with freedom to officially validate certificates and degrees. Free learning would be the best method to avoid poor teaching, bad facilities and uncontrolled degree emissions. A Superior Council of Teaching was created to be in charge of the transition between the former situation and the next context.

Brazil teaching reform officialization; Public and private teaching; End of officialization

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