This article intends to analyze the principles of the dominant discourse upon the relationship between technology and education based on a state-of-the-art of the computer use in school education from 1997 to 2007 in Brazil. During the research, 107 related works was found on this subject and also references 1330 authors. The analysis of these researches lead to a reflection that searches theoretical support in the displacement of customary discourses concerning the uses of technology in education: those based on the normative prescriptions that seek the incorporation of the technological tools (instrumentalist view) as well as those that impose the ICT (Information and Communication Technologies) as an inevitableness within the schools (determinist view). The whole corpus was used as object of content analysis, indicating the following categories: the computer as a pedagogical-didactic resource and the computer as a political pedagogical resource.
computer; school education; pedagogical discourse