Spatial distribution of agricultural farms led by women in Brazil

Distribuição espacial das mulheres na direção dos estabelecimentos agropecuários no Brasil

Patricia Estanislau Márcio Alberto Goebel Jefferson Andronio Ramundo Staduto Ana Cecília Kreter About the authors

Abstract:

This work aims to analyze the spatial distribution of agricultural establishments managed by women in the Brazilian municipalities, based on data from the Agricultural and Livestock Censuses of 2006 and 2017, applying spatial econometrics. The results showed that the Northeast and North regions had the highest concentration of High-High clusters in 2006, and increased in 2017. These regions with greater and poorer rural areas expanded the participation agricultural establishments managed by women, and they were responsible for 72.42% the variation that occurred between both Censuses. The education variable was positively related to the increase of the establishments managed by women in 2017. In the municipalities where there was a process of disappearance of agricultural establishments, there was an increase in the presence of female managers. We concluded that the promotion of public policies for women in rural areas improves of potential to promote the development of these establishments as well as rural areas.

Keywords:
woman; rural property; rural area; spatial distribution; agricultural; livestock census

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