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Determination of the level of economic control of Enneothrips flavens Moulton, 1941 (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) in the upright peanut crop

R.A. Calore A.L. Boiça Júnior N.R. Chagas Filho J.R. de Souza About the authors

The present work was aimed to evaluate different economic control levels of Enneothrips flavens in upright peanut plants, during the "dry" and "wet" seasons. The experiments were carried out at the Departamento de Fitossanidade, FCAV/UNESP - Jaboticabal, SP, Brazil, in 2007/2008. To evaluate the different E. flavens infestation levels, samplings were carried out at 17 days after plant emergence (DAE), collecting 10 closed leaflets per parcel. Peeled grain production (kg ha-1), and 100-seed dry mass (g) were also determined. Once the production and thiamethoxam + lambda-cyhalothrin spraying times were determined, the production gain (25 kg bags and kg.ha-1) and net profit variation were obtained. It was concluded that the peanut plants were more infested from 17 to 30 DAE and from 47 to 74 DAE for the "dry" cultivation and 32 to 53 DAE for the "wet" cultivation; the total-control treatment presented higher production and net profit variation as compared to the control plot with 26.43 bags.ha-1 and R$ 585.66 for the planting season held in "drought," and 53.88 bags.ha-1 and R$ 1,354.26 for the planting done during the "wet" time; E. flavens control with 20% of leaflets attacked in both seasons was the closest to total control in the production (bags.ha-1) and net profit variation; the insecticide thiamethoxam + lambda-cyhalothrin was effective to control the pest, resulting in increased the peanut production in both cultivation seasons.

Thrips; Arachis hypogaea L.; integrated pest management

Instituto Biológico Av. Conselheiro Rodrigues Alves, 1252 - Vila Mariana - São Paulo - SP, 04014-002 - São Paulo - SP - Brazil