In the movements that arise against the established order, it is necessary a political formation that is able to understand the circumstances experienced from its social contradictions, in a vision that favors the transformation of reality by those who put themselves in struggle. In the case of the Landless Workers’ Movement (MST), while the immediate conflict is over land, struggles express the permanence of the agrarian question as the foundation of elevated labor exploitation in Brazil. The question that arises is whether those in struggle articulate the goals and meaning of the occupations in which they participate with the multiple determinations of the agrarian question in our country. It is argued that an understanding of the totality of the relationships that are in the base of labor exploitation does not come from struggle spontaneously, but rather from a systematic work of political education articulated with the development of theory and practice relative to the advance of the conflicts between classes. Thus, in this paper we present our understanding of political formation; then we draw a discussion of the political formation in MST’s pedagogy; and finally present a critical reflection on this.
Political formation; Education; MST; Agrarian question