This article aims to identify the different conceptions of training expressed by the participants of the Movement of Indigenous Teachers of the Amazon Region as well as the principles collectively elaborated throughout its trajectory based on a reading and analysing the reports of thirteen annual meetings held by the Movement. This work is oriented by the following questions: the school, one of the principal historical instruments used to mischaracterize and destroy indigenous cultures, can become today a decisive instrument in the reconstruction and affirmation of social, political and cultural identities? What is the role of indigenous teachers? What are the competencies needed for this new practice? Where and how can one acquire them? How and by whom are indigenous teachers trained?
teacher training; indigenous school education; relations of autonomy