Pedagogy of alterity: teaching as a condition of knowledge critical and ethical in Levinas

This article establishes, from the thought of Levinas, a connection between ethics and education. The paper presents a revaluation of western thought, from the critical to pedagogy of Totality, taught by mastery of the Same, to revise the primacy of teaching based on the technical-instrumental, and emphasizes, from the ethical rationality, new avenues to think and face the challenges of contemporary education, notably, the crisis marked by the unity of reason and the constitution of sovereign subjectivity. Levinas's great contribution to education is the defense of another pedagogical modality, other mode of teaching, founded in welcoming and opening to the teaching from the alterity as a condition of knowledge critical and ethical.

Alterity; Education; Pedagogics; Teaching; Ethics

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